Cashmere is one of the most valuable textile fibers, but not all items on the market have the same quality standards. To distinguish the best Italian cashmere and make an informed purchase, it is useful to evaluate 5 important factors. Let’s see which ones.


The best Italian cashmere: the origin of the yarn

The best Italian cashmere traces its origins to the Himalayan grasslands of Central Asia, between Mongolia, China and Tibet. It is in these regions, characterized by high altitudes and harsh winter temperatures, that small heads of cashmere are raised. This fine yarn comes exclusively from the fleece of cashmere goats, genetically programmed to shed their thickest fur during the spring change of season.


Only yarns from the Himalayan areas can guarantee the perfect combination of diameter, softness and elasticity typical of the highest quality cashmere. Roe deer from other regions of the world, such as Europe, do not reach the quality standards of the Himalayas in terms of genetic composition and habitat.


It follows that the “best Italian cashmere”, that is, the one selected and processed by the best national producers, must necessarily trace its origins through the composition label, indicating the percentage of Himalayan cashmere used in the processing of the yarn. Only in this way is it possible to certify its excellence and differentiate it from other products containing cashmere of lesser geographical but also qualitative value.


Italian cashmere: the consistency of the fiber

The best Italian cashmere is also recognizable by its fibrous consistency. The fiber of the cashmere yarn, as documented by numerous studies on the microscopic characteristics of the material, must have a medium-high thickness, between 13-19 microns, a value that determines its softness and volume to the touch.


A deficient micron thickness, lower than the quality standards of Himalayan cashmere, is instead an indication of thin and fragile fibrosis, as found for example in yarns of lower geographical value or in those treated with industrial processes that do not respect the natural characteristics of the fleece. On the contrary, the right density of the scales produced by the sebaceous glands of the cashmere goat gives the yarn those properties of softness, elasticity and three-dimensionality that are essential for a product to be considered as “the best Italian cashmere” and capable of maintaining high performance even after repeated washing.


In fact, like any self-respecting cashmere garment, the product defined as fine must maintain softness and warmth even after long uses, without felting or thinning, as proof of an intrinsic quality that is not fleeting but long-lasting.

Best cashmere: the spinning certificate

The best Italian cashmere has specific certifications that indisputably attest to its quality. Cashmere yarns produced within the national territory, to be considered of actual origin made in Italy, must necessarily be accompanied by the relevant spinning certificate.


This document, issued by accredited third-party bodies, certifies not only the Himalayan origin of the raw fiber, but also the entire transformation phase of the raw fleece into yarn at Italian consortia. The certificate details the carding, combing, spinning and twisting steps carried out with artisanal mastery within the national textile districts, which have always been excellent in the processing of fine cashmere.


Only through these certifications, standardized at European level to guarantee transparency and traceability of the production chain, can the final consumer be sure to purchase authentic Italian cashmere, the result of complete manufacturing in our country and an unmistakable synonym of quality.


Cashmere Italia: the detail of the stitching

The best Italian cashmere can also be recognized by the attention to the smallest construction details. The internal stitching must in fact show absolute executive precision, far from any imperfection or disturbing element for the wearer.


Studies in the textile sector have shown how even a few protruding threads or imperfect alignment of the stitching can affect comfort during use, diminishing the softness effect typical of cashmere. In high-end garments, the trace left by the tailor’s needle on the reverse of the fabric therefore appears almost invisible to the naked eye, the result of an executive technique that is the result of years of experience in manual work.


Only in Italian productions such as those of the tricolor supply chain, which draw their storia del cashmere since the Middle Ages in the processing of fine Himalayan wool, is it possible to come across a construction quality refined down to the smallest details, proving how this type of accuracy is an essential element for a product that is a candidate to represent the best of cashmere made in Italy.


Cashmere made in Italy: durability in time

Studies conducted on cashmere textile samples have shown how high-quality yarns are able to maintain their softness and thermoregulation properties almost unchanged even after dozens of washes and prolonged use. This is due to both the primary quality of the Himalayan fibre used, resistant to felting and felting processes, and the completely manual spinning and weaving techniques used in Made in Italy production.


The non-appreciable variation in performance over the life cycle of a garment represents a qualitative distinction between high-quality cashmere, destined to last over time while maintaining tactile softness and heat-insulating properties, and industrialised production which will instead tend to a rapid and noticeable loss of comfort after just a few washes.


The tests carried out over several seasons therefore demonstrate how the choice of authentic nationally produced cashmere, still based on the criteria of craftsmanship, represents an guaranteed investment over time rather than a mere seasonal purchase.